Glossaries

LGBTU Glossary

Ally (Heterosexual Ally, Straight Ally) 
Someone who is a friend, advocate, and/or activist for LGBT people.    

Androgynous
Term used to describe an individual whose gender expression and/or identity may be neither distinctly “female” nor “male,” usually based on appearance.

Asexual
A sexual orientation generally characterised by not feeling sexual attraction or desire for partnered sexuality. Asexuality is distinct from celibacy, which is the deliberate abstention from sexual activity. Some asexual people do have sex.

Biphobia
The fear, hatred, or intolerance of bisexual people.

Bisexual, Bi
An individual who is physically, romantically and/or emotionally attracted to men and women. Bisexuals need not have had sexual experience with both men and women; in fact, they need not have had any sexual experience at all to identify as bisexual.

Coming Out
The process of telling others about your sexual orientation and/or gender identity. Someone may come out as transgender.

Gay
The adjective used to describe people whose physical, romantic and/or emotional attractions are to people of the same sex (e.g., gay man, gay people). Avoid identifying gay people as “homosexuals” an outdated term considered derogatory and offensive to many lesbian and gay people.

Homosexual
Outdated clinical term considered derogatory and offensive by many gay and lesbian people.

Homophobia
Fear of lesbians and gay men.

Lesbian - A woman whose physical, romantic and/or emotional attraction is to other women. Some lesbians may prefer to identify as gay or as gay women.

Openly Gay
Describes people who self-identify as lesbian or gay in their personal, public and/or professional lives. Also openly lesbian, openly bisexual, openly transgender.·    

Outing
The act of publicly declaring (sometimes based on rumour and/or speculation) or revealing another person’s sexual orientation or gender identity without that person’s consent. Considered inappropriate by a large portion of the LGBT community.

Pansexual- Used mainly by those who wish to express acceptance of all gender possibilities including transgender and intersex people, not just two.

Queer 
Traditionally a pejorative term, queer has been appropriated by some LGBT people to describe themselves. However, it is not universally accepted even within the LGBT community and should be avoided unless someone self-identifies that way.

Questioning
The process of considering or exploring one’s sexual orientation and/or gender identity.

Sexual Orientation
The term for an individual’s physical, romantic and/or emotional attraction to members of the same and/or opposite sex, including lesbian, gay, bisexual and heterosexual (straight) orientations.

Straight/Heterosexual
Used to refer to individuals who identify as a heterosexual, meaning having a sexual, emotional and/or  physical attraction to individuals of the “opposite” gender/sex. The term “straight” sometimes has a negative connotation within the LGBT population, because it is suggested that non heterosexual individuals are “crooked” or “bent”.

Trans Glossary

Assigned sex/ Sex
The sex you were distinguished as when you were born based on ones genitals, chromosomes etc.

Cisgender
A person whose assigned sex and gender identity match up. A person who is not transgender.

Coming out
Processes by which a trans person will tell people in their life how they identify themselves in terms of their gender or that they feel that they are trans. The term is also used in regards to the wider LGBT community.

Cross Dresser / Transvestite
An individual of either sex that likes to wear the clothes commonly associated with the opposite gender, but are otherwise happy with their sex assigned at birth. Cross Dressing is not the same as being trans.

Deed Poll/Statutory Declaration
The document used to legally change a person’s name.

FTM/ trans man/ a transgender man 
Someone assigned female at birth and identifies as male.

Gender Identity
How a person feels or experiences themselves in regards to their gender. E.g. male/ female/ neither/ both.

Gender dysphoria
A recognised medical term that refers to the physical, mental and/or social discomfort of the mismatch between a person’s gender identity and their assigned sex.

Gender Fluid 
A term used to describe a person who feels that their gender identity is not fixed and/or fluctuates or changes over time.

GIC 
Gender Identity Clinic: a service which provides specialist medical care for trans people.

Intersex/ Intergender 
An individual born with any of several variations in sex characteristics including chromosomes, sex hormones, or genitals, that are determined as neither exclusively male nor female, or which combine features of the male and female sexes.

MTF/ trans woman/ a transgender woman
 
Someone assigned male at birth and identifies as female.

Non-binary 
To identify outside of the common binary understanding of being exclusively male or female.

Oestrogen
The female sex hormone often prescribed to trans women who wish to undergo medical transition.

Pronouns
He/ him, she/ her, they/ them, hir/ zi (gender neutral)

Sexual Orientation
Attraction to people of a certain gender i.e. gay, straight, bisexual, pansexual etc

Testosterone
The male sex hormone often prescribed to trans men who wish to undergo medical transition.

To gender/ misgender
To presume someone else’s gender identity/ to presume incorrectly.

Top surgery 
A term that trans people may use when referring to surgeries designed to produce a male or female shaped chest.

Transition
The process of a person changing from their assigned sex to the gender they identify as.  What constitutes as transitioning may be difference for every trans person.

Social Transition
This refers specifically to the aspects of transition that are not related to a change in physicality. Examples of social transition are: a change of name/ pronoun, use of toilets or gendered facilities, wearing different clothes or make-up.  Every trans person is different, so an individual may choose to make all or some of these changes at some point, but deciding not to make these changes does not invalidate a persons trans identity.

Medical Transition 
This refers specifically to the aspects of transition that are specifically related to a change in a persons body/ physicality.  Examples of social transition are: hormone blockers, hormone treatment, surgery, voice therapy or laser hair removal.  Every trans person is different, so an individual may choose to make all or some of these changes at some point, but deciding not to make these changes does not invalidate a persons trans identity.

Trans 
An umbrella term used to describe an individual or group of people whose gender identity is not aligned or fully aligned with the sex they were assigned at birth.

Transphobia
The discrimination, prejudice or bullying of a person because they are trans or perceived to be trans by others. Transphobia is considered a Hate Crime.

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